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Bongsan Mask Dance is one of mask dances handed down in Haeseo area in HwanghawDo, and it is authorized as an important intangible cultural asset number 17 in 1967.

From ancient time, almost of all 5 day market places in Haeseo area performed mask dance once a year. Among the places, Bongsan was the place connecting the north and south, thus it made the area hold many events welcoming envoys. In addition Bongsan was the place local agricultural products were collected. This is another reason for mask dances have been prevalent.
Bongsan Mask Dance is one of an event held in times and seasons. People built a bonfire and played till the dawn came at Dano Day in May. Performing a mask dance at Dano Day is after the end of Joseon Age. Before that, people performed mask dances at the Day of Buddha’s coming with the lantern parade. This might be the consequence of succeeding the traditions of lotus lantern parade in Goryeo Age.
As an event for expelling evils and wishing the good for a year, Bongsan Mask Dance was the play for farmers and merchants in the market. Before beginning the real mask dances, people performed Gil-Nori and a sacrificing ceremony to the spirit of An Chobok, who restored the mask dances. After the sunset pre-events such as Mudong-Dance, rope-dancing, and tumbling amused people, thereafter the mask dance began. The mask dance is divided into 7

Gwajang (Chapter): Sasangjwa-Chum (Dance), Palmokjung-Chum, Sadang-Chum, Nojang-Chum, Sinjangsu-Noreum, Chuibari-Noreum, Saja-Chum, Yangban-Chum, and Miyal-Chum.
The mask about to make is Mokjung-Mask used in the 2nd Gwajang “Palmokjung-Chum.” In fact, Mokjung is 8, each having a unique characteristic. But nowadays the mask becomes nearly the same. Mokjung has orange color on the lower side of a face with black dots.

Wens looking like horns are located at 7 places: 2 on the forehead, 2 on the brow, 2 on the each lower cheek, and 1 on the jaw. On the wens, people stick gold papers on them. The eyebrow is colored as a black line. The black eye is protruding, with gold, black, and white lines to mark the eyeball areas. The mouth is opened, while the noses are blocked. Instead holes by the nose let the people see. And around the face, there are placed black papers as hairs.

The order of coloring Bongsan-Mask

1. Prepare to color
: Use a pencil to draw the eyes of mask.
2. Color backgrounds : Color backgrounds except near the eyes. After coloring backgrounds, color the eyes with white.
3. Make a look.
4. Finish a look : Place gold powder on the eyes and swollen areas.
5. Finish : Place Hanji (Korean traditional papers) and a mask cover and sew them to fix on the mask.
6. Put on the mask.