> experiencing traditional culture > Coloring Bongsan Mask
Bongsan Mask Dance is one of mask dances handed down in Haeseo
area in HwanghawDo, and it is authorized as an important intangible
cultural asset number 17 in 1967.
| From ancient time, almost of all
5 day market places in Haeseo area performed mask dance once
a year. Among the places, Bongsan was the place connecting the
north and south, thus it made the area hold many events welcoming
envoys. In addition Bongsan was the place local agricultural
products were collected. This is another reason for mask dances
have been prevalent.
Bongsan Mask Dance is one of an event held in times and seasons.
People built a bonfire and played till the dawn came at Dano
Day in May. Performing a mask dance at Dano Day is after the
end of Joseon Age. Before that, people performed mask dances
at the Day of Buddha’s coming with the lantern parade. This
might be the consequence of succeeding the traditions of lotus
lantern parade in Goryeo Age.
As an event for expelling evils and wishing the good for a year,
Bongsan Mask Dance was the play for farmers and merchants in
the market. Before beginning the real mask dances, people performed
Gil-Nori and a sacrificing ceremony to the spirit of An Chobok,
who restored the mask dances. After the sunset pre-events such
as Mudong-Dance, rope-dancing, and tumbling amused people, thereafter
the mask dance began. The mask dance is divided into 7
Gwajang (Chapter): Sasangjwa-Chum
(Dance), Palmokjung-Chum, Sadang-Chum, Nojang-Chum, Sinjangsu-Noreum,
Chuibari-Noreum, Saja-Chum, Yangban-Chum, and Miyal-Chum.
The mask about to make is Mokjung-Mask used in the 2nd Gwajang
“Palmokjung-Chum.” In fact, Mokjung is 8, each having a unique
characteristic. But nowadays the mask becomes nearly the same.
Mokjung has orange color on the lower side of a face with black
Wens looking like horns are located at
7 places: 2 on the forehead, 2 on the brow, 2 on the
each lower cheek, and 1 on the jaw. On the wens, people stick
gold papers on them. The eyebrow is colored as a black line.
The black eye is protruding, with gold, black, and white lines
to mark the eyeball areas. The mouth is opened, while the noses
are blocked. Instead holes by the nose let the people see. And
around the face, there are placed black papers as hairs.
The order of coloring Bongsan-Mask
1. Prepare to color : Use a pencil to draw the
eyes of mask.
2. Color backgrounds : Color
backgrounds except near the eyes. After coloring backgrounds,
color the eyes with white.
3. Make a look.
4. Finish a look : Place
gold powder on the eyes and swollen areas.
5. Finish : Place Hanji (Korean
traditional papers) and a mask cover and sew them to fix
on the mask.
6. Put on the mask.