> experiencing traditional culture > Making of traditional Ddeok
Ddeok is made of rice with other grains as condiments.
| According to the ways of cooking
or ingredients, Ddeok has many kinds. In addition according
to the areas or the situations of families, Ddeok can have endless
numbers of kinds.
For Korean, Ddeok is a food always prepared for every ceremonial
occasion, seasons, birthday events, the 100th day after the
birth, the first birthday, the 60th birthday, and so on.
At first, people pound grains to make Ddeok. The moist pounded
grains can be Ddeok by steaming itself. Or after make dough
with water and pounded grains, people can make Ddeok by steaming,
boiling in the water, or frying on the oil. Injeolmi or Heenddeok
is made by hitting the steamed dough with Ddeokmae (the hammer
for making Ddeok). Depending on the seasons and areas, people
might add or mix nuts, dried fruits, vegetables, or petals with
Ddeok. People called “Sisik” or “Jeolsik” for the foods made
with ingredients from the right seasons and made them due to
the holidays. “Ddeoksal” is a tool for making the shapes of
Ddeok or patterns on the Ddeok. Usually, Ddeoksal is made in
the shapes of a circle, a square, or a rectangle. In those shapes,
small shapes such as circles, squares, hexagons or octagons
are made for the shapes of Ddeok. The materials for Ddeoksal
are usually woods, clays, ceramics, or glazed earthen wares.
Most of the patterns engraved in the Ddeoksal are geometric
patterns, and flowers like chrysanthemum, birds, or butterflies
are engraved for appetizing shapes of Ddeok.
The patterns on Ddeoksal is various: patterns wishing the wealth
and long life, Sipjangsaeng (10 subjects for long-lasting lives),
Bonghwang (an imaginary bird), animals like a carp, bee, butterfly,
bird, or bat, geometric patterns like Taegeuk or slant lines,
shapes of Buddhism, flowers, wheels, and so on… Each pattern
has its own meaning, thus people use an appropriate patterns
for the occasion. For example, Surichi-Jeolpyeon for Dano Day
used patterns of wheel. Ddeok for parties used the patterns
of flowers, and Ddeok for relatives used patterns wishing the
wealth and long life. Especially, Ddeok for present has different
meaning depending on the patterns on the Ddeok.
The order of making of Ddeok
1. Soak the rice in the water
2. Pound the soaked rice
3. Steam the moist rice powder
4. Hit the steamed dough with Ddeokmae
5. Make the shapes of Ddeok
6. Spread sesame oil on the Ddeok and Ddeoksal
7. Stamp the patterns on the Ddeoksal to Ddeok.