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Ddeok is made of rice with other grains as condiments.

According to the ways of cooking or ingredients, Ddeok has many kinds. In addition according to the areas or the situations of families, Ddeok can have endless numbers of kinds.
For Korean, Ddeok is a food always prepared for every ceremonial occasion, seasons, birthday events, the 100th day after the birth, the first birthday, the 60th birthday, and so on.

At first, people pound grains to make Ddeok. The moist pounded grains can be Ddeok by steaming itself. Or after make dough with water and pounded grains, people can make Ddeok by steaming, boiling in the water, or frying on the oil. Injeolmi or Heenddeok is made by hitting the steamed dough with Ddeokmae (the hammer for making Ddeok). Depending on the seasons and areas, people might add or mix nuts, dried fruits, vegetables, or petals with Ddeok. People called “Sisik” or “Jeolsik” for the foods made with ingredients from the right seasons and made them due to the holidays. “Ddeoksal” is a tool for making the shapes of Ddeok or patterns on the Ddeok. Usually, Ddeoksal is made in the shapes of a circle, a square, or a rectangle. In those shapes, small shapes such as circles, squares, hexagons or octagons are made for the shapes of Ddeok. The materials for Ddeoksal are usually woods, clays, ceramics, or glazed earthen wares.
Most of the patterns engraved in the Ddeoksal are geometric patterns, and flowers like chrysanthemum, birds, or butterflies are engraved for appetizing shapes of Ddeok.
The patterns on Ddeoksal is various: patterns wishing the wealth and long life, Sipjangsaeng (10 subjects for long-lasting lives), Bonghwang (an imaginary bird), animals like a carp, bee, butterfly, bird, or bat, geometric patterns like Taegeuk or slant lines, shapes of Buddhism, flowers, wheels, and so on… Each pattern has its own meaning, thus people use an appropriate patterns for the occasion. For example, Surichi-Jeolpyeon for Dano Day used patterns of wheel. Ddeok for parties used the patterns of flowers, and Ddeok for relatives used patterns wishing the wealth and long life. Especially, Ddeok for present has different meaning depending on the patterns on the Ddeok.

The order of making of Ddeok

1. Soak the rice in the water
2. Pound the soaked rice
3. Steam the moist rice powder
4. Hit the steamed dough with Ddeokmae
5. Make the shapes of Ddeok
6. Spread sesame oil on the Ddeok and Ddeoksal
7. Stamp the patterns on the Ddeoksal to Ddeok.