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  The beginning of housing life was begun in the natural cave and dugout. But this natural housing couldn’t protect us from the cold or hot weather and other danger from outside. Thus our ancestors began to build houses with Ondol(Gudeul): Choga-Jip (a house with a straw roof), Neowa-Jip (a house with an wooden roof), and Giwa-Jip (a house with Giwa roof, a kind of brick). Such houses had a structure like below.



Traditional house showed the strong distinction between two sexes, dividing the house with Sarang-Chae(rooms for men or guests) and An-Chae(rooms for women). Consequently, articles used in a house divided into men’s article and women’s article. Inheritances displayed in Pavilion 6 are generally classified as heating tools (Hwaro, Busap and Bujeotgarak), lights (Deungjan-Geori, Namuje-Deung, Nampo-Deung, Ho-Deung), stationeries (But-Geori, Munbangsau, Chaekpyeon), furniture (Nong, Ham, Gue, Chaerong, Baguni), locks and books.

In the pavilion, the same items are displayed together for comparisons. For example, Hwaro (a brazier) items are consisted of wooden Hwaro, brass Hwaro, clay Hwaro, and iron Hwaro for the comparisons of their shape and the quality of the materials. Also, Deungjan-Geori (a holder for oil cup-lamp) items have an item from a common house and an item from a noble house to compare the differences. The pavilion also restores the body of a family guardian for the prosperity of the family and prevention of the evil.

As one of traditional folk belief, a family guardian is a god located here and there in the house wishing the prosperity of the family in the house. The shapes of guardians are different from the locations and functions. The restored family guardian in the museum is a guardian in Yeongnam areas.